What is it called when female athletes lose their period? (2023)

What is it called when female athletes lose their period?

Athletic amenorrhoea is when elite or excessive exercise suppresses the release of oestrogen, causing periods to stop.

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What is amenorrhea in female athletes?

Athletic amenorrhea is considered to be caused by an inhibition of the hypothalamus-pituitary-ovarian axis leading to estrogen deficiency due to caloric restriction (3, 4). We have also proposed essential hyperandrogenism as an alternative mechanism behind menstrual disturbance in athletes (5, 6).

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(Mayo Clinic)
What is oligomenorrhea in athletes?

Not eating enough calories can cause menstrual periods to become irregular ( oligomenorrhea ) or stop ( amenorrhea ). In young athletes who aren't eating enough calories, menstrual periods may not start when they should. Primary amenorrhea occurs when menstrual periods don't start before 15 years of age.

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What causes amenorrhea in athletes?

Amenorrhea that is related to athletic training and weight fluctuation is caused by changes in the hypothalamus. These changes result in decreased levels of estrogen. Amenorrhea in the female athlete triad may be classified as primary or secondary.

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Is athletic amenorrhea reversible?

Exercise amenorrhoea is a medical condition in which women involved in heavy exercise experience absence of menstruation of varying periods of time. It occurs because of neuroendocrine dysfunction and is usually reversible.

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Is amenorrhea permanent?

What is amenorrhea? Amenorrhea is when you don't get your monthly period. It can be temporary or permanent. Amenorrhea can result from a change in function or a problem with some part of the female reproductive system.

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What are 3 causes of amenorrhea?

Hormonal imbalance
  • Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS). PCOS causes relatively high and sustained levels of hormones, rather than the fluctuating levels seen in the normal menstrual cycle.
  • Thyroid malfunction. ...
  • Pituitary tumor. ...
  • Premature menopause.
Feb 18, 2021

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How long does amenorrhea last for?

Absence of a woman's monthly menstrual period is called amenorrhea. Secondary amenorrhea is when a woman who has been having normal menstrual cycles stops getting her periods for 6 months or longer.

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Is amenorrhea common to athletes?

Functional hypothalamic amenorrhea is a diagnosis of exclusion that is common in female athletes, particularly those participating in aesthetic sports (ballet, other dance genres, figure skating, and gymnastics) and endurance sports (cross-country running).

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What is the difference between amenorrhea and oligomenorrhea?

Amenorrhea is the absence of menstruation. Oligomenorrhea refers to infrequent menstrual periods.

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How do athletes treat amenorrhea?

American Medical Society for Sports Medicine

Treatment includes increasing caloric intake and/or decreasing energy expenditure (exercise) to restore normal menses, which can take up to 12 months or longer.

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Can you get pregnant if you have athletic amenorrhea?

Myth 6: Amenorrhea means that you cannot get pregnant.

Amenorrhea should never be used as the only form of birth control. While it is much less likely that an athlete with FHA will be able to get pregnant, ovulation (egg release) can happen especially as someone is further along in the process of recovery from FHA.

What is it called when female athletes lose their period? (2023)
What are the long term effects of athletic amenorrhea?

Accumulated evidence suggests athletic amenorrhoea to be related to energy deficiency or to the eating disorders that are prevalent among athletes. The long-term consequences of amenorrhoea are premature osteoporosis and increased risk of musculoskeletal injury.

What does amenorrhea do to your body?

In most women with amenorrhea, the ovaries do not release an egg. Such women cannot become pregnant. ), and an increased risk of heart and blood vessel disorders. Such problems occur because in women who have amenorrhea, the estrogen level is low.

Can amenorrhea cure itself?

Primary amenorrhea caused by late puberty usually does not need to be treated. The condition will go away on its own. For primary amenorrhea caused by genetic abnormalities, treatment depends on the problem. For example, if the ovaries are not functioning properly, you may be given supplemental ovarian hormones.

How do you get rid of athletic amenorrhea?

Amenorrhea Treatment: Increase Caloric Intake

Fortunately, studies have shown that exercise-associated amenorrhea (EAA) can be eliminated with a simple increase in caloric consumption, generally within three to 12 months after an intervention is made.

How do female athletes stop their periods?

Another common practice among sportswomen is taking birth control pills. In one study, about half of athlete respondents revealed that they were using hormonal contraceptives. Doing so helped them control the frequency of their cycle, its timing, and the intensity of menstrual bleeding.

What is it called when a women's period stops due to lack of body fat?

It is theorized that the mass of body fat relative to lean body weight is a critical factor in the onset of secondary amenorrhea. This condition is clinically defined as the absence or suppression of menstruation from any cause other than pregnancy or menopause.

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